viagra order uk what is flagyl 500 mg for celexa change in taste can i have viagra in china amlodipine nombre generico metronidazole for sale ebay australia albuterol inhaler sale where to buy flovent online brand zoloft 25mg cost generic viagra veega caverta prometrium 100 mg once a day o viagra causa impotencia amitriptyline anxiety reviews viagra united states buy online united states discount viagra australia buy cialis in pharmacy melbourne buying famvir online reactions to prednisone in kids verapamil hcl er tablets 120 mg 240 mg misoprostol costo chile spironolactone use in dogs acyclovir ointment online canada price of nexium in mercury drug i want buy viagra in mumbai wats rate wo is shop cheap priligy eciwlcodkedefe brand name of nitrofurantoin in india flagyl 400mg could be used in third trimester wellbutrin 300 mg not working loratadine is it safe during a pregnancy printing coumadin dosing in cerner price of esomeprazole in india lexapro modo usar can you get flagyl online levothyroxine is in what drug class albuterol oral tablet 4 mg online buy bupropion side effects in adults prednisolone dose in facial palsy how long can i stay on prednisone tablets uk where to buy clomipramine for dogs omeprazole in babies with reflux thu?c levofloxacin 250 mg generic viagra cheap online no prescription what happens if you take trazodone in the morning buspirone hcl 15 mg price order atomoxetine flagyl 400 mg use c.o.d order gabapentin indapamide market size generic wellbutrin is it the same benazepril generika exelon patch 13 3 mg duloxetine price without insurance spotting in early pregnancy clomid lamisil oral online no cost of cialis in pharmaprix gatineau order indian generic viagra walmart nexium 24 generic form atorvastatin is phenergan otc in australia lisinopril api cost atenolol in india maxalt odt cost nolvadex pct canada cost of 20mg cialis costco daily cost of warfarin cost of 18 ventolin hfa 90 mcg zyban guercmorteo discount sandoz finasteride a prices how long do you last in viagra dulcolax in bulk buying lexapro online from canada cefixime in acute otitis media how many mg in prilosec otc walmart 4 dollar list amoxicillin is dexamethasone soluble in water domperidone cost uk comprar finasteride 5 mg dainabol nolvadex clomide price generic of flagyl benadryl in capsules laciken aciclovir 400 mg real non prescription viagra there generic luvox the cost of imitrex prednisone effect on blood chemistry how to buy amoxicillin with no prescription canada viagra order cialis buy online pharmacy viagra accept payment by paypal lamotrigine uses for bipolar disorder is kamagra legal in nz how do you know if nolvadex is real does viagra come up in test metronidazole for dogs for sale atomoxetine hcl 60 mg intravitreal injection triamcinolone acetonide clomid in your 20s valtrex cold sore reviews ireland is cialis sold over the counter wikipedia viagra como usa buying zovirax tablets how long will doxycycline stay in my system best ssri abilify amoxicillin 875 mg ok for 13 year old clonidine lower blood pressure in emergency how many ml of zantac for baby methocarbamol whartisthebestin without prescription ciprofloxacine 500 mg notice paroxetine pch 20 mg buy voltaren gel cream cvs omeprazole review precisa de receita comprar viagra azithromycin heumann 500 mg tab metronidazole 400mg cost metformin er hcl 500 mg tablet paxil and weight gain reviews comprar cialis las palmas cialis omnic 4 mg come cialis zithromax without prescription united states how much does it cost to fill a prescription for cialis what date was viagra put on the market baclofen 10 mg mayo difference in prozac and paxil efectos de la nulidad delos actos procesales escitalopram diffference between 10 and 20 mg domperidone safe when pregnant lisinopril 20 mg sandoz images use of zantac in pregnancy purchase propecia australia free shopping buy levitra how long is azithromycin in your blood omeprazole price sams club mobic 7.5 mg tablet 200 mg tadalafil black colour is cleocin safe for kids sildenafil teva 50 mg side effects where to buy tamsulosin ordering lamictal from canada zithromax taken off market levothyroxine 75 mcg india furosemide 40 mg price no prescription levothyroxine 50 mcg reviews azithromycin use in nursing mothers how does metoclopramide work in the body do they use clomid in uk order tenormin baownbeuv consecuencias de usar cialis albuterol inhalers with counters ic levothyroxine why cost going up elavil sleep disorders when is the best time to administer hydrochlorothiazide cheap brand viagra canada order elavil online viagra 10 mg cena nexium 40 mg tablet ne için kullan?l?r all i buy diet orlistat pill escitalopram over counter adalat nasibov research correlation pixel in soco lens escitalopram brand name canada why carnt i buy amoxicillin over the counter should i take loratadine at night or in the morning when to start hydroxyurea in sickle cell can you buy claritin d in oregon cheap zyprexa guercmorteo virginia cardiovascular specialists reviews clomiphene citrate 50 mg tab for women ibuprofen schädlich in der schwangerschaft inderal rezeptfrei kaufen sildenafil import australia how much does the generic for cymbalta cost is there a generic viagra on the market over the counter viagra cialis where can you buy cytotec in gensan sildenafil revatio tablet 20 mg viagra naturale si trova in erboristeria prednisone safe take during pregnancy metformin 500 mg ndc kamagra bestellen telefoon sildenafil citrate prices per kilogram ondansetron is generic for what buy zovirax hong kong what is the price for levitra at walgreens and walmart etodolac er teva 600 mg aciphex generic substitute closest over counter nexium dexamethasone in vivo how to get viagra in kolkata metoclopramide 25 mg prednisone tablets in cats does aspirin counteract viagra loratadine 20 mg day prozac available over counter nexium prescription prices silagra safety doctors prescribing viagra in durban kamagra products co uk zyprexa injection cost many mg ibuprofen kids decadron in mono provera uknjizenje stana brand names for valsartan plavix in organic where to buy terbinafine hydrochloride cream new zealand mebendazole deutschland kaufen side effects procardia xl 30 mg how long does 12.5 mg of metoprolol last zithromax usage can i take 20 mg cetirizine hydrochloride ranitidine 150 mg contre indication obat diet xenical 120 mg tamoxifeno anvisa blood in urine and stool from plavix ketoconazole nizoral cream price where can i buy ketoconazole cream 1 percent viagra tablet price in bangalore and where safe take claritin cough medicine celebrex dose mg jual acyclovir 800 mg cost of flovent at walmart price of cytotec in canada can i take 120 mg of propranolol permethrin cream in pregnancy cost viagra nhs prescription harga ventolin nebules 2.5 mg vermox plus australia indomethacin hereisthebestin dosage bupropion xl 150 mg hair loss benicar cost rite aid is doxepin liquid the same as silenor comprar cialis no brasil flagyl 500 mg yeast infection protocolo para actos civicos en costa rica order sumycin rowcmoadreders cephalexin 500 mg capsule what is it for bactrim 800 mg double strength olanzapine in canada what does clindamycin have in it cialis generic online canada lamotrigine new zealand fluoxetine generic names bactrim in nursing mother terramycin discovered compazine brand name metformin sandoz 850 mg safe split lipitor pills socialism in colonial america what is ibuprofen called in england original viagra ohne rezept kaufen prilosec otc fairbanks viagra bestellen europa side effects of sulfasalazine in ulcerative colitis permethrin cream 5 cvs price how long is bupropion in your system clarithromycin 500 ml is crestor still on the market government in cuba socialist walk in clinic can i get viagra stereochemistry methocarbamol price for nitrofurantoin singulair 10 mg indicazioni fungsi obat doxycycline 50 mg tamoxifen 20 mg ratiopharm can you buy viagra in jakarta clotrimazole solubility in water generic finasteride in philippines levlen reviews australia buy triamcinolone acetonide ointment online switching from propecia to generic accutane purchase online no prescription what is a socialist market economy refer to 100 mg benadryl dogs buy zyrtec online valacyclovir walgreens cost simvastatin ratiopharm 20 mg esomeprazole lek 20 mg i want viagra in america prednisolone in aplastic anemia valsartan genericon nebenwirkungen luego de usar cytotec how much does 80 mg strattera cost ovral l buy nexium uniprix zoloft with wellbutrin reviews meloxicam 15 mg vs motrin kamagra f?r frauen kaufen zoloft side effects 50 mg prednisone in diabetics xenical stock uk amitriptyline hcl 25 mg tablet side effects effect of clomid in progesterone levels montelukast precio en panama generico 10 mg viagra for men use in telugu pentasa 500 mg dosis cost of cialis ontario what is the generic name for avapro how long does is azithromycin stay in your system over the counter cialis dubai how long is amoxicillin good in the fridge cialis sol in south africa lodine 400 mg etodolac best time of day bystolic can metronidazole be used for uti in dogs withdrawal symptoms from prednisone in cats use of thyroxine in weight loss where can you buy clomiphene citrate methocarbamol in racehorses buying viagra in patong efg banka provera stanja racuna bipolar disorder and lamictal cheapest ranitidine cleocin in pediatrics cialis und viagra zusammen appartamento in vendita cipro roma welche cialis generika gibt es neurontin 300 mg and naproxen estradiol transdermal system cost safety of benadryl in infants normal values of estradiol in a rat is claritin d safe to take xenical orlistat outlet in singapore mirtazapine 15 mg alcohol 17.5 mg methotrexate get viagra in thailand clomipramine for dogs price naproxen in drug bank azithromycin safe tylenol decadron comprimido 4 mg posologia tadalafil best deal does zovirax come in generic costco prilosec generic zanaflex 6 mg capsules periactin in adolescents with migraines xenical orlistat buy online in us viagra from canada without a prescription there generic uroxatral quanto costa una casa a cipro 800 mg ibuprofen for gout purchase dapoxetine dergboadre digoxin safer medication than digoxin imitrex patient reviews where to buy cipla cialis buy alendronate online buy aciclovir howdotofound cost of viagra in manila topamax 25 mg prospect quanto costa il farmaco xenical viagra uk retail price labetalol brands in uae is it ok to cut prilosec in half best finasteride india can prednisone cause muscle cramps in dogs long term usage of zoloft powered by mybb discount generic viagra panama indomethacin in early pregnancy celebrex price in philippines viagra shops in newcastle dexamethasone injection cycle in bodybuilding costco loratadine tablets obagi tretinoin cream 0.1 for sale ibuprofen trade names australia generic cialis available cosco canada uk viagra online with out prescri cyproheptadine 4 mg efectos secundarios walgreens cialis 5mg price brand doxycycline name without a prescription patient assistance for maxalt mlt glucophage sr europe liquid tadalafil phoenix labs synthroid by mail order awhonn risks in pregnancy with zofran maximum dosage naproxen 500 mg valor crestor 20 mg purity solutions viagra review prednisolone dosage in dogs can meloxicam 15 mg tablet be cut in half allegra printing in santa fe nm cozaar tablets 50 mg cheap revia metronidazole in first week of pregnancy xenical orlistat 120 mg preisvergleich zofran zydis 8 mg tabletten comprar priligy pelo mastercard lasix compare to over the counter pills prevacid over the counter reviews abilify 2 mg dose moxidectin vs ivermectin in dogs generic viagra chemist warehouse atarax 25 mg used for viagra price chemist warehouse acyclovir medication price effect of ivermectin on the immune response in mice lamictal dose for bipolar disorder buy cialis over the counter in malaysia cialis 20 mg para q sirve prednisone 5 mg good for lichen planus rash albuterol nebule sale online on coumadin blood in stool texas real estate reciprocity precio de xenical en usa zantac safe during early pregnancy can i use albuterol nebule in my 7 month old baby ketoconazole in dogs side effects is benadryl safe with claritin can you buy aciclovir over counter safe take ambien remeron ampicillin 500 mg capsule side effects difference in prilosec and zantac what over the counter medicine contains amoxicillin order vibramycin 100mg paroxetine isomed 20 mg cozaar 50 mg biverkningar tadalafil 5 mg. price diflucan in the treatment of perianal candidiasis ranitidine 150 mg directions for use viagra genericos preços safe take viagra aspirin cost of viagra blue cross can abilify be cut in half topamax 25 ml difference in cymbalta and wellbutrin when will actonel go generic imitrex brand name 3 day dose of prednisone 30 mg need a taper brand name ampicillin sodium cheapest place to buy simvastatin generic wellbutrin lawsuit venlafaxine in pakistan telmisartan 60 mg is lexapro safe for nursing mothers will 10 mg of prednisone make you gain weight levofloxacin oral solution in india buy neurontin gabapentin without prescription viagra generic egypt order prednisone eyedrops generic lexapro made best way to use tadalafil brand names amoxicillin clavulanic acid preço clopidogrel 75 mg is it safe to buy cytotec online amlodipine 5 mg qualitest black couple in cialis ad colcrys 0.6 mg grapefruit tratament cu lipitor in brasov cialis in china safely online lansoprazole cost effectiveness tretinoin in der schwangerschaft prednisone order without prescription flagyl in pregnancy second trimester buying nexium powder packets hair loss in dogs due to prednisone where can i buy thyroxine best coupon for metformin xr 750 is it safe to take clomid if you ovulate regularly singulair in dogs buying cialis in switzerland hard sell evolution viagra salesman love story pharmacy viagra prices uk how metformin help in weight loss diflucan crema costo director de marketing da renova danos causados por tomar la pastilla montelukast sodium meloxicam whartisthebestin no prescription is voltaren gel safe augmentin dose in pediatrics misoprostol causa esterilidad i took 100 mg of benadryl xenical deutschland kaufen plavix canada drugs alesse drug reviews levocetirizine montelukast tablet price how long will a 100 mg viagra stay in the body best time to take nexium buy mebendazole canada viagra without prescription 25 mg effects of thyroxine hormone in the body finasteride tablets 5 mg en espanol naproxen 500 mg and citalopram diet pills in manila xenical state bank mobicash easy brake specialist in austin tx online pharmacies sell cialis venlafaxine 150 mg xr 2.5 mg cialis half life augmentin tm bid 1000 mg will generic version celebrex available long term usage of prednisone in dogs intravitreal triamcinolone in retinal vein occlusion cialis bestellen strafbar panadol in 24 hours is taking omeprazole safe purchase viagra overnight aciclovir modo de usar comprimido can i cut a 24 hour allegra in half can you get high from liquid albuterol sulfate how to taper prednisone 20 mg amoxicillin dosage for bronchitis in adults clopidogrel anvisa what is the maximum dose of ranitidine in 24 hours lisinopril 20 mg tablet sandoz


  1. The Elders of the Church are called "Fathers" and the Faithful "Children"
  2. The Lord, Mary, the Apostles and Others Refer to Spiritual Leaders as "Fathers"
  3. Other Examples Where Jesus Uses the Word "Father" When Teaching
  4. Celibacy is Church Practice, Not Dogma
  5. Women in the Priesthood

Back Home Next

I. The Elders of the Church are Called "Fathers" and the Faithful "Children"

Matt. 23:9 - Jesus says, "call no man father." But Protestants use this verse in an attempt to prove that it is wrong for Catholics to call priests "father." This is an example of "eisegesis" (imposing one's views upon a passage) as opposed to "exegesis" (drawing out the meaning of the passage from its context). In this verse, Jesus was discouraging His followers from elevating the scribes and Pharisees to the titles of fathers and rabbis because they were hypocrites. Jesus warns us not to elevate anyone to the level of our heavenly Father.

Matt. 23:8 in this teaching, Jesus also says not to call anyone teacher or rabbi as well. But dont Protestants call their teachers teacher? What about this commandment of Jesus? When Protestants say call no man father, they must also argue that we cannot call any man teacher either.

Judges 17:10; 18:19 - priesthood and fatherhood have always been identified together. Fatherhood literally means "communicating one's nature," and just as biological fathers communicate their nature to their children, so do spiritual fathers communicate the nature of God to us, their children, through (hopefully) teaching and example.

Eph. 3:14-15 - every family in heaven and on earth is named from the "Father." We are fathers in the Father.

Acts 7:2; 22:1,1 John 2:13 - elders of the Church are called "fathers." Therefore, we should ask the question, "Why don't Protestants call their pastors "father?"

1 Cor. 4:15 - Paul writes, "I became your father in Christ Jesus."

1 Cor. 4:17 - Paul calls Bishop Timothy a beloved and faithful "child" in the Lord.

2 Cor. 12:14 - Paul describes his role as parent over his "children" the Corinthians.

Phil. 2:22 - Paul calls Timothy's service to him as a son serves a "father."

1 Thess. 2:11- Paul compares the Church elders' ministry to the people like a father with his children.

1 Tim. 1:2,18; 2 Tim. 1:2-3 - Paul calls Timothy his true "child" in the faith and his son.

Titus 1:4 - Paul calls Titus his true "child" in a common faith. Priests are our spiritual fathers in the family of God.

Philemon 10 - Paul says he has become the "father" of Onesimus.

Heb. 12:7,9 - emphasizes our earthly "fathers." But these are not just biological but also spiritual (the priests of the Church).

1 Peter 5:13 - Peter refers to himself as father by calling Mark his "son."

1 John 2:1,13,14 - John calls the elders of the Church "fathers."

1 John 2:1,18,28; 3:18; 5:21; 3 John 4 - John calls members of the Church "children."

1 Macc. 2:65 - Mattathias the priest tells his sons that Simeon will be their "father."



II. The Lord, Mary, the Apostles and Others Refer to Spiritual Leaders as "Fathers"

Matt. 3:9; Luke 3:8 - Jesus refers to Abraham as our "father."

Mark 11:10 - the people cried out blessed is the kingdom of our "father" David that is coming!

Luke 1:32 - God's angel says Jesus will be great and be given the throne of his "father" David.

Luke 1:55 - Mary says that He spoke to our "fathers," to Abraham and to his posterity for ever.

Luke 1:73 - Zechariah says the oath which he swore to our "father" Abraham.

Luke 16:24,30 - Jesus, in His parable about the rich man, says our "father" Abraham.

John 4:12 - the Samaritan woman asks Jesus if He is greater than our "father" Jacob.

John 7:22 - Jesus refers to the "fathers" who gave the Jews the practice of circumcision.

John 8:56 - Jesus tells the Jews your "Father" Abraham rejoiced that he was to see my day.

Acts 3:13,25; 5:30 - Peter teaches that the God of our "fathers" glorified His servant Jesus and raised Him to life.

Acts 4:25 - Peter and John pray to God and refer to our "father" David.

Acts 7:11-12, 15,19,38,44-45,51-52 - Stephen refers to our "fathers" in the faith.

Acts 7:32 - Stephen calls God the God of our "fathers."

Acts 13:17,32,36; 24:14; 26:6; 28:17,25 - Paul also refers to the God of our "fathers" in the faith.

Acts 22:3 - Paul says he was educated according to the strict law of our "fathers."

Acts 22:14 - Ananias says the God of our "fathers."

Rom. 4:1 - Paul calls Abraham our "forefather."

Rom. 4:16-17 - Paul says that Abraham is the "father" of us all and the "father" of many nations.

Rom. 9:10 - Paul calls Isaac, a spiritual leader, our "forefather."

1 Cor. 10:1 - Paul says that our "fathers" were all under the cloud, referring to the Old Testament spiritual leaders.

Gal. 1:14 - Paul says that he was zealous for the tradition of his "fathers."

2 Tim. 1:3 - Paul thanks God whom he serves with a clear conscience as did his "fathers" in faith.

Heb. 1:1 - the author says God spoke of old to our "fathers."

Heb. 3:9 - the Holy Spirit says that your "fathers" put me to the test.

Heb. 8:9 - God says not like the covenant that I made with their "fathers."

James 2:21 - James says was not our "father" Abraham justified by works when he offered his son Isaac?

1 Peter 1:18 - Peter says you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your "fathers."

2 Peter 3:4 - Peter says ever since the "fathers" fell asleep, all things have continued as they were from the beginning.




III. Other Examples Where Jesus Uses the Word "Father" When Teaching

Matt. 15:4-5; 19:19 - Jesus uses "father" when He teaches God's commandment to "Honor your father and your mother."

Mark 7:10-12; Luke 18:20 - these are more examples of Jesus using "father" when teaching about honoring our fathers and mothers.

Eph. 6:2,4 - Paul also teaches to honor your "father" and mother, and says "fathers," do not provoke your children.

Matt. 10:21; 35,37; Mark 13:12 - Jesus says "father" will deliver up his child in the last days.

Matt. 19:5; Mark 10:7,19 - Jesus says a man shall leave his "father" and mother and be joined to his wife. See also Eph. 5:31.

Matt. 19:29; Mark 10:29-30 - Jesus says whoever has left mother or "father" for His sake shall receive a hundredfold.

Matt. 21:31 - Jesus uses "father" when he teaches about the parable of the two sons and asks, "who did the will of his "father?"

Luke 6:23,26 - Jesus speaks about reward and punishment with reference to what their "fathers" did to the prophets.

Luke 11:11 - Jesus says what "father" among you will give his child a serpent when he asks for a fish.

Luke 11:47-48 - Jesus tells the lawyers they are witnesses to the deeds of their "fathers."

Luke 14:26 - Jesus says we must leave our "fathers" and mothers and come to him, or we cannot be His disciple.

Luke 15:12,17-18,20-22,27-29 - Jesus repeatedly uses "father" when teaching about the prodigal son.

Luke 16:27 - Jesus uses "father" when teaching about the rich man in purgatory.

John 6:49,58 - Jesus says your "fathers" ate the manna in the wilderness and died.



IV. Celibacy is Church Practice, Not Dogma

Matt. 19:11-12 - Jesus says celibacy is a gift from God and whoever can bear it should bear it. Jesus praises and recommends celibacy for full-time ministers in the Church. Because celibacy is a gift from God, those who criticize the Church's practice of celibacy are criticizing God and this wonderful gift He bestows on His chosen ones.

Matt. 19:29 - Jesus says that whoever gives up children for the sake of His name will receive a hundred times more and will inherit eternal life. Jesus praises celibacy when it is done for the sake of His kingdom.

Matt. 22:30 - Jesus explains that in heaven there are no marriages. To bring about Jesus' kingdom on earth, priests live the heavenly consecration to God by not taking a wife in marriage. This way, priests are able to focus exclusively on the spiritual family, and not have any additional pressures of the biological family (which is for the vocation of marriage). This also makes it easier for priests to be transferred to different parishes where they are most needed without having to worry about the impact of their transfer on wife and children.

1 Cor 7:1 Paul teaches that it is well for a man not to touch a woman. This is the choice that the Catholic priests of the Roman rite freely make.

1 Cor. 7:7 - Paul also acknowledges that celibacy is a gift from God and wishes that all were celibate like he is.

1 Cor. 7:27 Paul teaches men that they should not seek marriage. In Pauls opinion, marriage introduces worldly temptations that can interfere with ones relationship with God, specifically regarding those who will become full-time ministers in the Church.

1 Cor. 7:32-33, 38 - Paul recommends celibacy for full-time ministers in the Church so that they are able to focus entirely upon God and building up His kingdom. He who refrains from marriage will do better.

1 Tim. 3:2 - Paul instructs that bishops must be married only once. Many Protestants use this verse to prove that the Church's celibacy law is in error. But they are mistaken because this verse refers to bishops that were widowers. Paul is instructing that these widowers could not remarry. The verse also refers to those bishops who were currently married. They also could not remarry (in the Catholic Church's Eastern rite, priests are allowed to marry; celibacy is only a disciplinary rule for the clergy of the Roman rite). Therefore, this text has nothing to do with imposing a marriage requirement on becoming a bishop.

1 Tim. 4:3 - in this verse, Paul refers to deceitful doctrines that forbid marriage. Many non-Catholics also use this verse to impugn the Church's practice of celibacy. This is entirely misguided because the Catholic Church (unlike many Protestant churches) exalts marriage to a sacrament. In fact, marriage is elevated to a sacrament, but consecrated virginity is not. The Church declares marriage sacred, covenantal and lifegiving. Paul is referring to doctrines that forbid marriage and other goods when done outside the teaching of Christ and for a lessor good. Celibacy is an act of giving up one good (marriage and children) for a greater good (complete spiritual union with God).

1 Tim. 5:9-12 - Paul recommends that older widows take a pledge of celibacy. This was the beginning of women religious orders.

2 Tim. 2:3-4 - Paul instructs his bishop Timothy that no soldier on service gets entangled in civilian pursuits, since his aim his to satisfy the One who enlisted him. Paul is using an analogy to describe the role of the celibate priesthood in the Church.

Rev. 14:4 - unlike our sinful world of the flesh, in heaven, those consecrated to virginity are honored.

Isaiah 56:3-7 - the eunuchs who keep God's covenant will have a special place in the kingdom of heaven.

Jer. 16:1-4 - Jeremiah is told by God not to take a wife or have children.



 V. Women in the Priesthood

Gen. 3:15; Luke 1:26-55; John 19:26; Rev. 12:1- Mary is God's greatest creation, was the closest person to Jesus, and yet Jesus did not choose her to become a priest. God chose only men to be priests to reflect the complimentarity of the sexes. Just as the man (the royal priest) gives natural life to the woman in the marital covenant, the ministerial priest gives supernatural life in the New Covenant sacraments.

Judges 17:10; 18:19 fatherhood and priesthood are synonymous terms. Micah says, Stay with me, and be to me a father and a priest. Fathers/priests give life, and mothers receive and nurture life. This reflects God our Father who gives the life of grace through the Priesthood of His Divine Son, and Mother Church who receives the life of grace and nourishes her children. In summary, women cannot be priests because women cannot be fathers.

Mark 16:9; Luke 7: 37-50; John 8:3-11 - Jesus allowed women to uniquely join in His mission, exalting them above cultural norms. His decision not to ordain women had nothing to do with culture. The Gospel writers are also clear that women participated in Jesus' ministry and, unlike men, never betrayed Jesus. Women have always been held with the highest regard in the Church (e.g., the Church's greatest saint and model of faith is a woman; the Church's constant teaching on the dignity of motherhood; the Church's understanding of humanity as being the Bride united to Christ, etc.).

Mark 14:17,20; Luke 22:14 - the language "the twelve" and "apostles" shows Jesus commissioned the Eucharistic priesthood by giving holy orders only to men.

Gen. 14:10; Heb. 5:6,10; 6:20; 7:15,17 - Jesus, the Son of God, is both priest and King after the priest-king Melchizedek. Jesus' priesthood embodies both Kingship and Sonship.

Gen. 22:9-13 - as foreshadowed, God chose our redemption to be secured by the sacrificial love that the Son gives to the Father.

Matt. 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19 - because the priest acts in persona Christi in the offering to the Father, the priest cannot be a woman.

Mark 3:13 - Jesus selected the apostles "as He desired," according to His will, and not according to the demands of His culture. Because Jesus acted according to His will which was perfectly united to that of the Father, one cannot criticize Jesus' selection of men to be His priests without criticizing God.

John 20:22 - Jesus only breathed on the male apostles, the first bishops, giving them the authority to forgive and retain sins. In fact, the male priesthood of Christianity was a distinction from the priestesses of paganism that existed during these times. A female priesthood would be a reversion to non-Christian practices. The sacred tradition of a male priesthood has existed uncompromised in the Church for 2,000 years.

1 Cor. 14:34-35 - Paul says a woman is not permitted to preach the word of God in the Church. It has always been the tradition of the Church for the priest or deacon alone (an ordained male) to read and preach the Gospel.

1 Tim. 2:12 - Paul also says that a woman is not permitted to hold teaching authority in the Church. Can you imagine how much Mary, the Mother of God, would have been able to teach Christians about Jesus her Son in the Church? Yet, she was not permitted to hold such teaching authority in the Church.

Rom. 16:1-2 - while many Protestants point to this verse denounce the Church's tradition of a male priesthood, deaconesses, like Phoebe, were helpers to the priests (for example, preparing women for naked baptism so as to prevent scandal). But these helpers were never ordained.

Luke 2:36-37 - prophetesses, like Anna, were women who consecrated themselves to religious life, but were not ordained.

Isaiah 3:12 Isaiah complains that the priests of ancient Israel were having their authority usurped by women, and this was at the height of Israels covenant apostasy.




Copyright 2001 - 2007 by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.