metronidazole dieutri.vn plavix and aspirin and bruising metformin diarrhea lactic acidosis is it ok to take dayquil with amoxicillin nexium zastosowanie amlodipine 5 mg ulotka propecia apr?s 40 ans what effect does topamax have on the ph of urine tetracycline drug drug interactions estradiol levels and hair loss paxil and schizophrenia viagra otc canada calgary lipitor for high cholesterol reviews fluconazole renal dosage what is wellbutrin xl used to treat frequently asked questions about accutane pink viagra for women side effects furosemide lasix dose cheapest lioresal online does premarin cause bleeding is lexapro similar to prozac lasix patient education ms lipitor can amitriptyline cause stomach problems lotensin drug gabapentin wirkungsmechanismus viagra deutschland preis ivermectin pour on for birds contraindication of ventolin inhaler contraindicacion de flomax first dose of azithromycin interaction between lorazepam tablet and olanzapine melange cialis et viagra levitra suppliers in the uk tijuana mexico viagra levothroid whartisthebestin dosage celecoxib indicaciones flagyl 400mg tablets used for paxil weight loss common tamoxifeno atrapalha o ciclo nerve pain gabapentin dosage when will escitalopram prices drop spironolactone cancer acne pka value of linezolid dosing cipro for ear infection 500mg valtrex and jersey shore paxil atkins diet finasteride conceive metronidazole gynecomastia metronidazole allergy fluconazole amitriptyline side effects heart palpitations do i have to take metformin forever how long does lexapro take to work for anxiety riesgos de muerte con cytotec buy kamagra in pattaya hydrochlorothiazide missed dose allopurinol in kidney disease do you need a prescription for viagra in mexico is always get twins with clomid can i take imitrex and wellbutrin non prescription substitute for viagra price of liquid fluconazole neurontin cervical how long does it take propecia side effects to go away who has taken viagra cephalexin and diarrhoea took zoloft one time common dose of furosemide invigorate o que proscar shedding aldactone 25 mg drg nolvadex pct is taxo user reviews lamisil oral aciclovir pastillas es un antibiotico ventolin nebule 2.5 mg fiyati canine antibiotic metronidazole shelf life androgen deprivation therapy avodart septran tablet is safe for kidney patient bactrim desensitization acyclovir cmv infection dosis ventolin bebes diet pills infinity slim can you still wear makeup with accutane mercola nexium que es kamagra yahoo lipitor number of users doxycycline for skin infection dosage lexapro molecular weight doxycycline dose dependent allegra annetta zyvox en guatemala ciprom e 500g can you take valtrex for the flu lisinopril swallowing problems clomid et fievre taking amoxicillin before bed prednisone leg spasms topamax and obesity can i drink alcohol while taking cytotec best viagra online singapore mix amoxicillin with ibuprofen flagyl metronidazole chlamydia strattera off label for anxiety kamagra oral jelly allegro amlodipine in renal patients aap ki adalat dr zakir naik estrace cycle berlusconi e il viagra aciclovir o parches daily dose of nolvadex para que sirve el orlistat who produces baclofen cialis daily for women cialis cost at pharmacy blue cialis effect allegra olson oral tetracycline for eye infection zoloft vs celexa for depression crush up viagra onde comprar viagra em belem metoprolol tartrate vs xl lisinopril ankle swelling green tongue doxycycline monohydrate cialis pakovanja cuanto cuesta la pastilla cytotec en bolivia how soon is clomid prescribed does levitra get stale viagra buy now pay later gibraltar como ser blanco recomendaciones de especialistas alternative drugs to zoloft paxil muscle tension jaw side effects for metoprolol tartrate 25 mg can you take pepto bismol while taking zithromax abilify safety pregnancy slipped some viagra hair regrowth with propecia viagra for performance enhancement tmj methocarbamol how long is doxycycline good for after expiration date strattera 9 year old boy where buy viagra mexico what to eat with xenical 120mg anafranil e colon irritabile other drugs like olanzapine viagra free sample pack accutane tubes tied does cialis come in different strengths stopping gabapentin 300 mg is allegra good for allergic reactions obat super tetra tetracycline hcl minoxidil con finasteride catholic view clomid viagras for women bupropion negative symptoms cipro disability furosemide def50 oxytetracycline combined pill standard dosage of metoprolol taking ciprofloxacin and birth control pills eltroxin and synthroid if i take too much thyroxine will i lose weight activer international mobicarte orange difference between terconazole and metronidazole what cough medicine can i take while on zoloft metoprolol apteka aciclovir per os posologie wellbutrin vs bupropion weight loss differences with lexapro and escitalopram does augmentin treat tonsillitis schema afbouwen lexapro amoxicillin 500 mg for sale cymbalta and dextromethorphan alternatives to clomid for men cuanto viagra se puede tomar por semana risks of wellbutrin and alcohol wellbutrin sr migraines zyban 150 mg fiyati femara for primary infertility over 38 ciprofloxacino y dengue medicamentos strattera orlistat dosage price in india mumbai methocarbamol shortness of breath is neurontin a schedule 2 narcotic acog guidelines cytotec where can i buy viagra in malaysia pharmacies montelukast pastilla masticable seroquel package leaflet doxycycline overdose zovirax tablet dosage cold sores can cipro cause weight loss buy zovirax cream canada acyclovir stomach cramps fish oil synthroid interactions is kwikmed sells real cialis levitra with prescription norvasc tablet side effects cme dysfunction erectile program clomid cause period late tamoxifeno funcao gabapentin prescribed for facial tics aplicacion terapeutica propranolol viagra and erections post ejaculation gabapentin doses for dogs fda warning for spironolactone ciprofloxacin course effects on baby when father used clomid viagra american in pakistan viagra online billigst can you buy amoxicillin teva over the counter in spain drinking on bactrim coming off amitriptyline 10mg olanzapine qt prolongation intramuscular dangers of zofran how to put albuterol nebulizer machine for babies lexapro cognitive buy estrace cream online no prescription thyroxine high levels symptoms neurontin pour fibromyalgie why is there bathtubs in cialis commercials zyprexa zydis orally disintegrating tablets doxycycline ypf tinidazole tablets how much is 10mg levitra accidentally took two lisinopril dexamethasone equivalent prednisone effects of using prednisone long term amoxil dose for adults seroquel side effects legs medical side effects of doxycycline thuoc giam can orlistat ban o dau kamagra fast inc side effects does flagyl what is the drug inderal used for atorvastatin anxiety zovirax mexico viagra em pessoas jovens can i take 2 10mg cialis in one day how to take augmentin duo prednisone time effective alternative to premarin cream quetiapine metabolite in urine levitra fiyati nedir cialis chile starting coumadin without heparin dostinex cuanto dura tratamiento valor do orlistat manipulado what is the natural equivalent to levitra terbinafine treatment failure viagra en plavix abilify pharmazie drug assistance program for cymbalta ectiva and diet pill otc substitute for nolvadex side effects of 10mg lexapro in teenager metoprolol hctz brand presentaciones en el mercado venezolano de la kamagra my husband took levitra inderal po iv conversion prednisone medrol conversion tamoxifen genesis cena viagra et aspirine what is available bactrim milligrams in the philippines aciclovir nos usa gabapentina para fascitis plantar montelukast generic walmart ad revertir efectos secundarios de finasteride nolvadex belgique bupropion hcl xl by watson special over viagra brands of amoxicillin in india what else is flagyl used for who makes atorvastatin calcium rogaine foam better than propecia interaction between ciprofloxacin and omeprazole what is the retail cost of lipitor ou acheter cialis doctissimo effects of taking 100mg viagra cialis e tachicardia buy clomiphene online no prescription can nurse practitioners prescribe clomid verschil kamagra en super kamagra celebrex ibuprofen difference prednisone and flying finasteride eye surgery taking clomid and soy isoflavones together dosage instructions prednisone metronidazole lactose paxil lawyers washington state kesan sampingan ubat propranolol escitalopram vs lexapro alcohol ventolin spray ingredienti where to get cialis in ireland swot analysis atorvastatin amoxicillin k clav 875 125 mg hcg injections after clomid side effects of femara for cancer wellbutrin and acid albuterol with saline can you just stop taking metformin can lexapro cause muscle spasms prozac 5 mg reviews doxycycline no prescription celebrex and effexor interaction distributors for xenical tab in delhi metronidazole 0.75 cream price neurontin for ms pain commercials for cialis adverse reaction keflex metronidazole and codeine lasix dose congestive heart failure symptomes grossesse sous clomid how long does zoloft stay in your urine can strattera help with ocd 4 year old urinary tract infection azithromycin eating grapefruit while taking cialis amoxicillin green tea zoloft for arthritis pain can you use lamisil for jock itch allegra d and hydrocodone normal doses of prednisone alternative to inderal how fast will strattera work on a 7 year old prednisone diabetes type can you take advil and lisinopril 20 mg together lawsuit zoloft while pregnant is paranoia a side effect of wellbutrin what to say to get the doctor to perscribr you viagra viagra efecto en las mujeres using albuterol in infants viagra plus alcohol bupropion aches allegra and singulair interactions metronidazole in felines atenolol 1oo mg para que sirve el cipro cijena lamisila viagra ayuda a adelgazar escitalopram apo tab levitra online pharmacy prescription keflex for chickens how will neurontin make me feel thyroxine package insert tb amoxicillin nombre comercial del misoprostol aciclovir crema es con receta headache after stopping zofran cialis lots 05568 counterfeit cialis side effects of vibramycin how do you take azithromycin 4 pack 250 mg prednisone calcium supplements where tto buy viagra dubai aciclovir estructura risks of viagra for women how long should u take accutane the pros and cons of low dose cialis estimation of metronidazole by hplc lowest prices for rogaine and propecia augmentin 625 uti prednisone and enbrel why is zyvoxx so expensive dr. john fisher diet pills can you take benadryl with diflucan buy grifulvin howdotofound plavix generic rash treatment levaquin g tube clomid online mastercard prednisone dosage wound healing atenolol y valsartan buy powder zithromax usar cytotec despues de cesarea viagra online with americanexpress clopidogrel ist ein is olanzapine generic canada vardenafil zovirax kruidvat vertigo after taking prednisone singers dose pack prednisone zoloft nessun effetto atenolol zararlari can you drink chamomile tea with zoloft clomid borra de caf tetracycline methoxyflurane doxycycline and buprenorphine can i take fluconazole during pregnancy metronidazole for gastroenteritis why do i have diarrhea while taking metformin where you can buy viagra in chicago viagra for lung problems lipitor muadil does clomid increase chance of twins ventolin salbutamol en el embarazo effects of seroquel 50 lasix 800 mg spotting on day 4 of clomid campral and gabapentin metronidazole inflammatory bowel disease dogs wellbutrin xr interactions a womans experience of taking viagra 1 g azithromycin at an australian doxycycline hyclate for upper respiratory infections should increase my celexa nebenwirkung von viagra diet pill forum zithromax side effects toddler can bactrim cure lyme disease ttc with clomid after miscarriage can tylenol be taken with acyclovir losing weight on inderal prednisone structure activity relationship amoxil dose per kg lisinopril hctz heat stroke premarin wikipedia what do you take buspar for viapro vs viagra vs cialis azithromycin and vicodin nausea with synthroid para que serve o remedio clorhidrato de ciprofloxacino what is normal dose for wellbutrin metronidazole suspension buvable nursing interventions for neurontin do aetna ppo cover viagra para que se usa bupropion water pill compared to lasix zoloft and alcohol mix bei welchen nebenwirkungen cymbalta absetzen valtrex cream price plavix generic side effects of stopping use ondansetron effect on fetus oral zyvox osteomyelitis prednisone 40mg for 2 days 20mg for 3 days synthroid kapidex nortriptyline and eye pressure bactrim como usar clomid and hcg sot augmentin sirop pentru adulti bactrim and effects on birth control nortriptyline iupac name celexa neutropenia peripheral neuropathy gabapentin dose thyroxine medication concurrent adrenal what is side effects of prednisone paxil help social anxiety clomid follicle amoxicillin and hairy tongue metronidazole treatment for ibs lozol tqeovertoz australia generic otc brand of metronidazole bitchtits von tamoxifen weg wean neurontin do insurance companies in the us cover viagra mua nizoral dau goi o dau instructions 20 mg cialis watson tetracycline singulair and inflammation getting drunk on azithromycin cialis publix doxycycline side effects confusion vk viagra metformin controversy dostinex precio seguridad social can allegra help food allergies aurorix und seroquel clomid protocol pct does levaquin cause gout cipro and group b strep cialis canada cheapest nexium hp esomeprazol what is the effective dose of cialis para que sirve ivermectina genfar venda priligy brasil propranolol hcl tabs 10mg erythromycin ointment for newborns in texas wellbutrin precio en mexico can celebrex capsules be opened cialis 10 or 5 mg ketoconazole skin irritation cefixime and metronidazole zyprexa cheap recommended dose for gabapentin orlistat teva bijsluiter what drug classification is celebrex que tal funciona cialis is amoxicillin good for sinuses propecia hair loss results xenical tiene anfetaminas birth controlviagra celexa mouth sores albuterol frecuencia prednisone affects on the adrenal gland can i double the cialis dose augmentin chewable strength augmentin is used for uti real generic viagra orlistat precio en dr. simi ketoconazole effexor body numbness from doxycycline side effects has anyone ordered cialis online preparing tetracycline bosnian viagra doxycycline for bacterial bronchitis


SACRAMENT OF CONFESSION & FORGIVENESS OF SINS

Scripture

  1. Jesus Christ Granted the Apostles His Authority to Forgive Sins
  2. The Necessity and Practice of Orally Confessing Sins

Tradition / Church Fathers

  1. The Early Church’s Practice of Oral Confession

Back · Home · Next
 


Scripture

I. Jesus Christ Granted the Apostles His Authority to Forgive Sins

John 20:21 - before He grants them the authority to forgive sins, Jesus says to the apostles, "as the Father sent me, so I send you." As Christ was sent by the Father to forgive sins, so Christ sends the apostles and their successors forgive sins.

John 20:22 - the Lord "breathes" on the apostles, and then gives them the power to forgive and retain sins. The only other moment in Scripture where God breathes on man is in Gen. 2:7, when the Lord "breathes" divine life into man. When this happens, a significant transformation takes place.

John 20:23 - Jesus says, "If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven. If you retain the sins of any, they are retained." In order for the apostles to exercise this gift of forgiving sins, the penitents must orally confess their sins to them because the apostles are not mind readers. The text makes this very clear.

Matt. 9:8 - this verse shows that God has given the authority to forgive sins to "men." Hence, those Protestants who acknowledge that the apostles had the authority to forgive sins (which this verse demonstrates) must prove that this gift ended with the apostles. Otherwise, the apostles' successors still possess this gift. Where in Scripture is the gift of authority to forgive sins taken away from the apostles or their successors?

Matt. 9:6; Mark 2:10 - Christ forgave sins as a man (not God) to convince us that the "Son of man" has authority to forgive sins on earth.

Luke 5:24 - Luke also points out that Jesus' authority to forgive sins is as a man, not God. The Gospel writers record this to convince us that God has given this authority to men. This authority has been transferred from Christ to the apostles and their successors.

Matt. 18:18 - the apostles are given authority to bind and loose. The authority to bind and loose includes administering and removing the temporal penalties due to sin. The Jews understood this since the birth of the Church.

John 20:22-23; Matt. 18:18 - the power to remit/retain sin is also the power to remit/retain punishment due to sin. If Christ's ministers can forgive the eternal penalty of sin, they can certainly remit the temporal penalty of sin (which is called an "indulgence").

2 Cor. 2:10 - Paul forgives in the presence of Christ (some translations refer to the presences of Christ as "in persona Christi"). Some say that this may also be a reference to sins.

2 Cor. 5:18 - the ministry of reconciliation was given to the ambassadors of the Church. This ministry of reconciliation refers to the sacrament of reconciliation, also called the sacrament of confession or penance.

James 5:15-16 - in verse 15 we see that sins are forgiven by the priests in the sacrament of the sick. This is another example of man's authority to forgive sins on earth. Then in verse 16, James says “Therefore, confess our sins to one another,” in reference to the men referred to in verse 15, the priests of the Church.

1 Tim. 2:5 - Christ is the only mediator, but He was free to decide how His mediation would be applied to us. The Lord chose to use priests of God to carry out His work of forgiveness.

Lev. 5:4-6; 19:21-22 - even under the Old Covenant, God used priests to forgive and atone for the sins of others.

Top

 


II. The Necessity and Practice of Orally Confessing Sins

James 5:16 - James clearly teaches us that we must “confess our sins to one another,” not just privately to God. James 5:16 must be read in the context of James 5:14-15, which is referring to the healing power (both physical and spiritual) of the priests of the Church. Hence, when James says “therefore” in verse 16, he must be referring to the men he was writing about in verses 14 and 15 – these men are the ordained priests of the Church, to whom we must confess our sins.

Acts 19:18 - many came to orally confess sins and divulge their sinful practices. Oral confession was the practice of the early Church just as it is today.

Matt. 3:6; Mark 1:5 - again, this shows people confessing their sins before others as an historical practice (here to John the Baptist).

1 Tim. 6:12 - this verse also refers to the historical practice of confessing both faith and sins in the presence of many witnesses.

1 John 1:9 - if we confess are sins, God is faithful to us and forgives us and cleanse us. But we must confess our sins to one another.

Num. 5:7 - this shows the historical practice of publicly confessing sins, and making public restitution.

2 Sam. 12:14 - even though the sin is forgiven, there is punishment due for the forgiven sin. David is forgiven but his child was still taken (the consequence of his sin).

Neh. 9:2-3 - the Israelites stood before the assembly and confessed sins publicly and interceded for each other.

Sir. 4:26 - God tells us not to be ashamed to confess our sins, and not to try to stop the current of a river. Anyone who has experienced the sacrament of reconciliation understands the import of this verse.

Baruch 1:14 - again, this shows that the people made confession in the house of the Lord, before the assembly.

1 John 5:16-17; Luke 12:47-48 - there is a distinction between mortal and venial sins. This has been the teaching of the Catholic Church for 2,000 years, but, today, most Protestants no longer agree that there is such a distinction. Mortal sins lead to death and must be absolved in the sacrament of reconciliation. Venial sins do not have to be confessed to a priest, but the pious Catholic practice is to do so in order to advance in our journey to holiness.

Matt. 5:19 - Jesus teaches that breaking the least of commandments is venial sin (the person is still saved but is least in the kingdom), versus mortal sin (the person is not saved).

Top


Tradition / Church Fathers


I. The Early Church’s Practice of Oral Confession

Do not come to prayer with a guilty conscience." Epistle of Barnabas, 19:12 (A.D. 74).

“In church confess your sins, and do not come to your prayer with a guilt conscience. Such is the Way of Life...On the Lord's own day, assemble in common to break bread and offer thanks; but first confess your sins, so that your sacrifice may be pure." Didache, 4:14,14:1 (c. A.D. 90).

"Moreover, it is in accordance with reason that we should return to soberness[of conduct], and, while yet we have opportunity, exercise repentance towards God. It is well to reverence both God and the bishop." Ignatius, Epistle to the Smyraeans, 9 (c. A.D. 110).

"Moreover, that this Marcus compounds philters and love-potions, in order to insult the persons of some of these women, if not of all, those of them who have returned to the Church of God--a thing which frequently occurs--have acknowledged, confessing, too, that they have been defiled by him, and that they were filled with a burning passion towards him. A sad example of this occurred in the case of a certain Asiatic, one of our deacons, who had received him (Marcus) into his house. His wife, a woman of remarkable beauty, fell a victim both in mind and body to this magician, and, for a long time, travelled about with him. At last, when, with no small difficulty, the brethren had converted her, she spent her whole time in the exercise of public confession, weeping over and lamenting the defilement which she had received from this magician." Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 1:13 (A.D. 180).

"Such are the words and deeds by which, in our own district of the Rhone, they have deluded many women, who have their consciences seared as with a hot iron. Some of them, indeed, make a public confession of their sins; but others of them are ashamed to do this, and in a tacit kind of way, despairing of [attaining to] the life of God, have, some of them, apostatized altogether; while others hesitate between the two courses, and incur that which is implied in the proverb, 'neither without nor within;' possessing this as the fruit from the seed of the children of knowledge." Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 1:13 (A.D. 180).

"Father who knowest the hearts of all grant upon this Thy servant whom Thou hast chosen for the episcopate to feed Thy holy flock and serve as Thine high priest, that he may minister blamelessly by night and day, that he may unceasingly behold and appropriate Thy countenance and offer to Thee the gifts of Thy holy Church. And that by the high priestly Spirit he may have authority to forgive sins..." Hippolytus, Apostolic Tradition, 3 (A.D. 215).

"The Pontifex Maximus--that is, the bishop of bishops--issues an edict: 'I remit, to such as have discharged (the requirements of) repentance, the sins both of adultery and of fornication.'" Tertullian, Modesty, 1 (A.D. 220).

"In addition to these there is also a seventh, albeit hard and laborious: the remission of sins through penance...when he does not shrink from declaring his sin to a priest of the Lord." Origen, Homilies on Leviticus, 2:4 (A.D. 248).

"For although in smaller sins sinners may do penance for a set time, and according to the rules of discipline come to public confession, and by imposition of the hand of the bishop and clergy receive the right of communion: now with their time still unfulfilled, while persecution is still raging, while the peace of the Church itself is not vet restored, they are admitted to communion, and their name is presented; and while the penitence is not yet performed, confession is not yet made, the hands Of the bishop and clergy are not yet laid upon them, the eucharist is given to them; although it is written, 'Whosoever shall eat the bread and drink the cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.'" Cyprian, To the Clergy, 9 (16):2 (A.D. 250).

"Moreover, how much are they both greater in faith and better in their fear, who, although bound by no crime of sacrifice to idols or of certificate, yet, since they have even thought of such things, with grief and simplicity confess this very thing to God's priests, and make the conscientious avowal, put off from them the load of their minds, and seek out the salutary medicine even for slight and moderate wounds, knowing that it is written, 'God is not mocked.' God cannot be mocked, nor deceived, nor deluded by any deceptive cunning. Yea, he sins the more, who, thinking that God is like man, believes that he evades the penalty of his crime if he has not openly admitted his crime…I entreat you, beloved brethren, that each one should confess his own sin, while he who has sinned is still in this world, while his confession may be received, while the satisfaction and remission made by the priests are pleasing to the Lord?" Cyprian, To the Lapsed, 28-29 (A.D. 251).

"It is necessary to confess our sins to those whom the dispensation of God's mysteries is entrusted." Basil, Rule Briefly Treated, 288 (A.D. 374).

"These are capital sins, brethren, these are mortal." Pacian of Barcelona, Penance, 4 (A.D. 385).

"For if any one will consider how great a thing it is for one, being a man, and compassed with flesh and blood, to be enabled to draw nigh to that blessed and pure nature, he will then clearly see what great honor the grace of the Spirit has vouchsafed to priests; since by their agency these rites are celebrated, and others nowise inferior to these both in respect of our dignity and our salvation. For they who inhabit the earth and make their abode there are entrusted with the administration of things which are in Heaven, and have received an authority which God has not given to angels or archangels. For it has not been said to them, 'Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in Heaven, and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in Heaven.' They who rule on earth have indeed authority to bind, but only the body: whereas this binding lays hold of the soul and penetrates the heavens; and what priests do here below God ratifies above, and the Master confirms the sentence of his servants. For indeed what is it but all manner of heavenly authority which He has given them when He says, 'Whose sins ye remit they are remitted, and whose sins ye retain they are retained?' What authority could be greater than this? 'The Father hath committed all judgment to the Son?' But I see it all put into the hands of these men by the Son." John Chrysostom, The Priesthood, 3:5 (A.D. 387).

"The Church holds fast its obedience on either side, by both retaining and remitting sin; heresy is on the one side cruel, and on the other disobedient; wishes to bind what it will not loosen, and will not loosen what it has bound, whereby it condemns itself by its own sentence. For the Lord willed that the power of binding and of loosing should be alike, and sanctioned each by a similar condition…Each is allowed to the Church, neither to heresy, for this power has been entrusted to priests alone. Rightly, therefore, does the Church claim it, which has true priests; heresy, which has not the priests of God, cannot claim it. And by not claiming this power heresy pronounces its own sentence, that not possessing priests it cannot claim priestly power. And so in their shameless obstinacy a shamefaced acknowledgment meets our view. Consider, too, the point that he who has received the Holy Ghost has also received the power of forgiving and of retaining sin. For thus it is written: 'Receive the Holy Spirit: whosesoever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them, and whosesoever sins ye retain, they are retained.' So, then, he who has not received power to forgive sins has not received the Holy Spirit. The office of the priest is a gift of the Holy Spirit, and His right it is specially to forgive and to retain sins. How, then, can they claim His gift who distrust His power and His right?" Ambrose, Concerning Repentance, I:7-8 (A.D. 388).

"All mortal sins are to be submitted to the keys of the Church and all can be forgiven; but recourse to these keys is the only, the necessary, and the certain way to forgiveness. Unless those who are guilty of grievous sin have recourse to the power of the keys, they cannot hope for eternal salvation. Open your lips, them, and confess your sins to the priest. Confession alone is the true gate to Heaven." Augustine, Christian Combat (A.D. 397).

"Just as in the Old Testament the priest makes the leper clean or unclean, so in the New Testament the bishop and presbyter binds or looses not those who are innocent or guilty, but by reason of their office, when they have heard various kinds of sins, they know who is to be bound and who loosed." Jerome, Commentary on Matthew, 3:16,19 (A.D. 398).

Top


Copyright 2001 - 2007 © by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.
johnsalza@scripturecatholic.com